Association of Post-Stroke Shoulder Pain with Diabetes Mellitus and Hyperlipidemia
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Hyperlipidemia, Shoulder pain, Stroke, Hemiplegia
Background: Shoulder pain is one of the most common complications after stroke. However, sufficient information about its risk factors and prevalence is not available. Surveying the association of shoulder pain with diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia was the aim of this study.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. From among the 191 referred patients, 152 patients were enrolled in the study. Within a year, once every 2 months, shoulder pain was assessed among the participants. In addition, DM, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia were assessed in these patients.
Results: Among 152 patients with stroke, 103 patients did not develop shoulder pain and 49 developed it. Among the participants with shoulder pain, 41 patients had DM, 10 had hypertriglyceridemia, and 39 had hypercholesterolemia. The analysis of data with the logistic regression model showed the relationship between DM and shoulder pain to be significant. However, the relationship between shoulder pain and hyperlipidemia was not significant.
Conclusion: Shoulder pain is common after stroke and DM is a predictor.
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