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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Manuscripts containing original material are accepted for consideration if neither the article nor any part of its essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published or submitted elsewhere before appearing in the PMRE journal. This restriction does not apply to abstracts or press reports published in connection with scientific meetings, or the articles previously published in local languages, if the authors have received approval from the editors of both journals. Copies of any closely related manuscripts must be submitted along with the manuscript that is to be considered by the PMRE journal. Authors of all types of articles should follow the general instructions given below.


We strongly advise authors to design their clinical trial studies based on the appropriate guidelines. In randomized controlled trials, CONSORT guideline, in systematic reviews and meta-analyses, PRISMA (formally QUOROM) guideline, in meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, MOOSE guideline, in studies of diagnostic accuracy, STARD guideline, and in observational studies in epidemiology, STROBE guideline should be used.


PMRE follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) flowcharts and guidelines in dealing with any ethical misbehavior. The journal also follows the guidelines mentioned in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, National Ethic Guideline for Medical Journalism, and Declaration of Tehran.


The research involves human beings or animals must
adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Types of Articles

  • Original article which reports the results of an original scientific research should be less than 5000 words.
  • Review article which represents the researches and works on a particular topic should be less than 7000 words.
  • Brief communication is a short research article and should be limited to 2500 words. This article contains all sections of an original article.
  • Case report is a detailed report of an individual patient that may represent a previously non-described condition and contains new information about different aspects of a disease. It should be less than 2500 words.
  • Letter to the Editor must be less than 1000 words in all cases.
  • Other types of articles only could be submitted by PMRE journal Editorial Board.


  • Only online submission is acceptable. Please submit online at:
  • This manuscripts should be divided into
    the following sections: (1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Keywords, (3) Introduction, (4) Methods,
    (5) Results, (6) Discussion, (7) Conclusion,
    (8) Acknowledgements, (9) Conflict of Interests, (10) References, (11) Figure legends,
    (12) Appendices, (13) Tables and (14) Figures (figures should be submitted in separate files).
  • Please supply a word count in title page.
  • Use normal page margins (2.5 cm), and double-space throughout.
  • Prepare your manuscript text using a Word processing package using times new roman 12 font, (save in .doc, .docs, or .rtf format). Submissions of text in the form of PDF files are not permitted. 


A covering letter signed by all authors should identify the corresponding author (include the address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address). Please make clear that the final manuscript has been seen and approved by all authors, and that the authors accept full responsibility for the design and conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish. Each author is required to sign in the signature column in front of their own details in the table.


As stated in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, the credit for authorship requires substantial contributions to: 1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND 2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND 3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND 4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Each author must sign authorship form attesting that he or she fulfills the authorship criteria. There should be a statement in manuscript explaining contribution of each author to the work. Acknowledgments will be limited to one page of PMRE journal space, and those acknowledged will be listed only once.

Any change in authorship after submission must be approved in writing by all authors and requested from the journal by sending an E-mail (or letter) including the reason the name should be added or removed.


In appropriate places in the manuscript please provide the following items:

  • If applicable, a statement that the research protocol was approved by the relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees and that all human participants gave written informed consent
  • The source of funding for the study
  • The identity of those who analyzed the data
  • Financial disclosure, or a statement that none is necessary


With the manuscript, provide a page giving the title of the paper; titles should be concise and descriptive (not declarative). Title page should include an abbreviated running title of 40 characters, the names of the authors, including the complete first names and no more than two graduate degrees, the name of the department and institution in which the work was done, the institutional affiliation of each author. The name, post address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author should be separately addressed. Any grant support that requires acknowledgment should be mentioned on this page. Word count of abstract and main text as well as number of tables and figures and references should be mentioned on title page. If the work was derived from a project or dissertation, its code should also be stated.

Affiliation model: Academic Degree, Department, Institute, City, Country

Example: Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Provide on a separate page an abstract of not more than 250 words. This abstract should consist of four paragraphs, labeled Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. They should briefly describe the problem being addressed in the study, how the study was performed, the salient results, and what the authors conclude from the results, respectively. Three to 10 keywords may be included. Keywords are preferred to be in accordance with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms.


Authors of research articles should disclose at the time of submission any financial arrangement they may have with a company whose product is pertinent to the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision, but if the article is accepted for publication, a disclosure will appear with the article.

Because the essence of reviews and editorials is selection and interpretation of the literature, the PMRE journal expects that authors of such articles will not have any significant financial interest in a company (or its competitor) that makes a product discussed in the article.

Each author should provide a summary conflict of interest statement to be included on the title page of the manuscript. If no author has a conflict of interest, include the following: ”the authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.”


Submitted papers will be examined for the evidence of plagiarism using PlagScan automated plagiarism detection service.


The editorial board considers all research studies based on International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations about the conduction, reporting, and editing of these investigations. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research, and its significance to our readership. Except for invited papers, submitted manuscripts are peer reviewed via a double-blinded process by three anonymous reviewers, and the journal’s editorial board. Final acceptance or rejection is depending on the editorial board decision on peer reviewed papers.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise and direct style. The Editorial board reserves the right to edit accepted papers to be more concise and free of grammatical typos and errors. Following acceptance an edited form of the paper will be sent to the authors’ correspondence for final review and approval. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for major revision. After acceptance, editorial system makes a final language and scientific edition. No substantial change is permitted by authors after acceptance. It is the responsibility of corresponding author to answer probable questions and approve final version.


PMRE journal is the owner of all copyright to any original work published by the PMRE journal. Authors agree to execute copyright transfer forms as requested with respect to their contributions accepted by the Journal. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.


Publishing articles in PMRE journal is free of charge.



Double-space tables and provide a title for each.


Figures should be no larger than 125 (height) x 180 (width) mm (5 x 7 inches) and should be submitted in a separate file from that of the manuscript. The name of images or figures files should be the same as the order that was used in manuscript (fig1, fig2, etc.). Only JPEG, tif, gif and eps image formats are acceptable with CMYK model for colored image at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Graphs must have the minimum quality: clear text, proportionate, not 3 dimensional and without disharmonic language. Electron photomicrographs should have internal scale markers.

If photographs of patients are used, either the subjects should not be identifiable or the photographs should be accompanied by written permission to use them. Permission forms are available from the Editorial Office.

Medical and scientific illustrations will be created or recreated in-house. If an outside illustrator creates the figure, the PMRE journal reserves the right to modify or redraw it to meet our specifications for publication. The author must explicitly acquire all rights to the illustration from the artist in order for
us to publish the illustration. Legends for figures should be an editable text as caption and should not appear on the figures.


The Vancouver style of referencing should be used. References must be double-spaced and numbered as superscripts consecutively as they are cited. References first cited in a table or figure legend should be numbered so that they will be in sequence with references cited in the text at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned. List all authors when there are six or fewer; when there are seven or more, list the first six, then “et al.” The following are some samples:

  1. Perlman AI, Sabina A, Williams AL, Njike VY, Katz DL. Massage therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2006; 166(22): 2533-8.
  2. Buckwalter JA, Marsh JL, Brown T, Amendola A, Martin JA. Articular cartilage injury. In: Robert L, Robert L, Joseph V, editors. Principles of Tissue Engineering. 3rd ed. Burlington, MA: Academic Press; 2007. p. 897-907.
  3. Kuczmarski RJ, Ogden CL, Grammer-Strawn LM, Flegal KM, Guo SS, Wei R, et al. CDC growth charts: United States. Advance data from vital and health statistics. No. 314. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics, 2000. (DHHS publication no. (PHS) 2000-1250 0-0431)
  4. World Health organization. Strategic directions for strengthening nursing and midwifery services [online]. Available from: URL:

Units of Measurement

Authors should express all measurements in conventional units, with Système International (SI) units given in parentheses throughout the text. Figures and tables should use conventional units, with conversion factors given in legends or footnotes. In accordance with the Uniform Requirements, however, manuscripts containing only SI units will not be returned for that reason.


Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are discouraged. Consult Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Sixth edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994) for lists of standard abbreviations. Except for units of measurement, the first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands.

Drug Names

Generic names should generally be used except for studies on comparative effects of different brands. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand name and the name of the manufacturer in parentheses in the Methods section.

For any more detail about the writing style for your manuscripts refer to:

Original Article(s)

Section default policy

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